Role of Sewer Utilities
In each and every area, water, and sewer utilities are a major requirement for all commercial, residential and industrial purposes. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Water and sewer utilities mostly the pipes carrying the different contents run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. Sewer pipes should be placed below the water pipes to prevent contamination of the potable water in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Sewer utilities carry the wastewater commonly referred to as sewage into a treatment facility or where they are disposed. The wastewater carried is from all premises that are connected to the sewer system in an area. Sometimes the sewer utilities are made such that they can also carry storm water mostly in town areas where the surfaces are unable to allow the water to infiltrate into the soil. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. With the two systems, sewage and storm water can be managed differently as they have different wastes and can be put into different use when recycled. Once the sewage water gets into a treatment plant, it is treated to remove organic and inorganic waste material present to make the water safe for release into the environment. For these services to be successful, the user needs to pay for them as they are paying for the water utilities since most are run by the same company in most regions. The payments collected are used in the maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Concrete, plastic or fiberglass are some of the materials that make septic tanks used to collect wastewater. The septic tanks are common in residential areas mainly for a single home where the users are few. Also, septic tanks can be able to treat the wastewater by the use of microorganism present inside. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. Regulations require septic tanks to be placed beneath the ground surface and one should ensure that they do not leak nor release odors into the environment. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.